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If you are a landlord, you want your tenants to live in a safe environment. One of the ways you can help make this happen is by installing smoke and carbon monoxide alarms. Indeed, The Smoke and Carbon Monoxide Alarm Regulations 2015 make their provision a legal requirement. However, in October 2022 these regulations will change. Landlords will need to comply with them or face a hefty fine. In this article, we give you a recap of the current legislation and talk you through the upcoming amendments.

What are the current rules?

Since 1st October 2015, landlords have had to install at least one smoke alarm on every storey of their properties. In addition, they have been required to put a carbon monoxide alarm and a smoke alarm in any room that contains a ‘solid fuel burning combustion appliance’.

To give an example, if you rent out a three-storey property that has a wood burner in the living room, you will need as a minimum:

  • A smoke alarm on every storey of the property
  • A carbon monoxide alarm in the room containing the wood burner.

You also need to make sure all alarms are in working order on the day a new tenancy begins.

Note that a ‘solid fuel burning appliance’ includes any apparatus that burns wood, coal or biomass. It also includes open fires. However, it does not include appliances that burn gas, LPG or oil.

What are the changes to The Smoke and Carbon Monoxide Alarm Regulations?

The changes to the regulations come into force on 1st October 2022. From that date, landlords must:

  • Still provide a smoke alarm on every storey where any room is used as living accommodation
  • Ensure that a carbon monoxide alarm is put in any room that is used as living accommodation and which contains ‘a fixed combustion appliance (excluding gas cookers)’. Note the subtle widening of scope from ‘solid fuel burning combustion appliance’. This new definition now covers appliances such as gas or oil boilers.
  • Ensure that both smoke alarms and carbon monoxide alarms are replaced or repaired as soon as you are informed they are faulty.

What happens if I don’t comply with the new regulations?

If you don’t comply with the new regulations and then fail to comply with a remedial notice, local authorities can fine you up to £5,000. So it’s very much worth taking these new rules seriously.

What are the practical implications of the new rules?

Before 1st October 2022, you will need to make sure that the relevant smoke and carbon monoxide alarms are fitted at your rental properties.

At the same time, it’s a good idea to talk to tenants and make sure they know how to test alarms. They should also know to report faulty alarms to you as soon as possible. If alarms are battery powered, tenants should replace the batteries themselves. If an alarm still doesn’t work, then they should let you know so you can replace it.

Do the new regulations stipulate what kinds of alarm I should buy?

No. You can install either hard-wired or battery-powered alarms. However, government recommends alarms with ‘sealed for life’ rather than replaceable batteries. You are also advised to buy alarms that are compliant with the relevant British Standards.

In some cases, you may need to fit special alarms for tenants who are deaf or hard of hearing. These use vibration or flashing lights rather than sound. Failing to install these could mean you aren’t fulfilling your obligations under the Equality Act 2010.

Where exactly should I fit the alarms?

Again, the new legislation doesn’t stipulate where you should fit the alarms. However, it’s advisable to follow the manufacturer’s instructions or get a professional to fit the devices. Generally speaking, smoke alarms should be fitted on ceilings and carbon monoxide alarms at head height, 1-3 metres from any potential source of carbon monoxide.


This article has been written to advise our many landlord clients. We strongly recommend you make sure your properties are compliant before 1st October 2022. If you are not already a THP client, please do take time to find out more about our Landlord Software Platinum Service for MTD.

Need further advice on any of the topics being discussed? Get in touch and see how we can help.

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About Jon Pryse-Jones

Since joining THP in 1978, Jon Pryse-Jones has been hands on with every area of the business. Now specialising in strategy, business planning, and marketing, Jon remains at the forefront of the growth and development at THP.

An ideas man, Jon enjoys getting the most out of all situations, “I act as a catalyst for creative people and encourage them to think outside the box,” he says, “and I’m not afraid of being confrontational. It often leads to a better result for THP and its clients.”

Jon’s appreciation for THP extends to his fellow team members and the board.  “They really know how to run a successful business,” he says.  He’s keen on IT and systems development as critical to success, and he continues to guide THP to be at the cutting edge and effective.

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