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Freelancers – mistakes to avoid

A friend of mine recently decided to join the merry band of freelancers – an exciting, yet challenging move.

Freelancing is something of a double-edged sword: on the one hand, it’s the dream to be able to choose the clients and projects you take on and to be your own boss. On the other, it can be a financial minefield, with both personal and professional obligations to cover.

As such, there’s plenty of room for inadvertent mistakes to be made. These often come in the form of tax-related issues but personal finance ones can creep in too. There are business and personal expenses to disentangle, HMRC forms to fill in, and accounting software to negotiate.

With a fair amount of experience behind us when it comes to advice on tax and finances, we at THP Chartered Accountants have come up with a few common freelance mistakes to avoid, so you’ll have a little bit of a head start if you choose to go it alone.

1. Treating your Turnover as Profit

If you’re switching from an employed life to freelancing, it’d be easy to make this mistake. After all, when you’re employed, your monthly salary is all take-home – tax, NI contributions and overheads are all taken care of by your employer. When you’re your own boss however, there are lots of additional costs to consider, from business registration fees to hosting fees for your website.

With that in mind, you can quickly find yourself struggling to keep up, so try to allocate around 30 percent of your total earnings for tax and operational costs each month.

2. Lacking discipline with personal expenses

One of the biggest changes when going freelance is the unpredictability of income.

Gone is the fixed monthly salary; instead you rely on being able to bring in enough business to live comfortably from week to week and month to month.

Success requires a level of discipline when it comes to budgeting for personal expenses. If, after a successful month you allow yourself to be too flash with your cash, you may come unstuck the following month when business is slower.

To avoid finding yourself in an unpleasant situation, ensure you allocate sufficient of your after-tax funds to the necessary places before indulging.

That means making sure you can pay your mortgage and bills, run your car and eat before spending on anything else. It’s also wise to keep a small amount aside – even if it’s only five percent –just in case next month proves to be less prosperous.

3. Not tracking income and expenses

One of the best tips for freelancers we can offer is to track your income and expenses from the very beginning. When you go solo, you’re responsible for paying your own taxes. Failing to keep track of what is going into and coming out of your bank account will leave you in a mess when the time comes to submit your returns to HMRC.

Open a business bank account to ensure everything to do with the business stays separate from your personal expenditure and sign up to an online accounting system that makes it easier for you to account for every penny you’ve earned and spent.

Trying to pick apart expenses on fuel, lunches and equipment when they’re tied up with your personal expenses can be a nightmare, so keep them separate and log them to ensure you can claim for all the tax deductible items.

4. Missing a tax deadline

HMRC is very clear on this: missing the deadline for tax return submissions incurs a penalty. If you’re two weeks late you can find yourself owing interest that significantly impacts your current earnings, so ensuring you file your tax returns on time is essential.

Here again, a good freelance strategy is to use an online accounting system.

Even basic software will allow you to send yourself a reminder to submit your return well before it’s due, giving you plenty of time to collate the information and get it checked before the deadline.

5. Making incorrect tax claims

It’s inevitable that your business will have a range of running costs.

Some of these – referred to by HMRC as ‘allowable’ expenses – can be deducted to work out your taxable profit. So if your turnover is £30,000 in the tax year and you spend £5,000 in allowable expenses, you only need to pay tax on the remaining £25,000.

The government classifies the following as allowable expenses:

  • Office costs such as rent, utilities, stationary and phone bills
  • Travel costs such as fuel or public transport fares
  • Clothing costs if a uniform is required
  • Stock or raw materials that you buy to sell on
  • Insurance and bank fees
  • Costs associated with marketing such as website costs

There are restrictions around this however, such as when you use a device or piece of equipment (such as a mobile phone) for business and personal use.

Things are also a little different if you work from home – a proportion of your home running costs can be claimed against tax.

Ensure you are aware of the government guidelines before claiming for items or fees you aren’t owed as this is an area where there’s no substitute for honesty.

6. Not seeking help

Tax is a notoriously complex area for freelancers and relatively easy to get wrong.

While the government has stated that it’s engaging in measures to make the tax process more straightforward, there’s still some way to go. We’d therefore strongly advise freelancers to at least get their tax returns checked by a professional before submitting them.

If the form is giving you a headache or you’re unsure what you can claim, seeking advice from an accountant is the best way to ensure your tax return is accurate. Many tax professionals have years of experience working with all kinds of businesses and can help you ensure you don’t over or under-claim. Even if you’re fairly confident that you’ve filled in your form correctly, it’s prudent to get it checked for peace of mind.


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About Mark Boulter

Mark Boulter is responsible for the efficient running of the firm’s infrastructure, and ensuring that THP delivers the best client service. Promoting the vision and culture across all branches, people are the key: “I like people who have a fresh approach and I’m happy for them to run with their ideas,” he says.

Communication across departments is crucial and Mark pioneers this. He ensure that people and departments not only talk to each other, but that they share ideas– whether they’re about marketing, finance, sales, strategy or any other topic that can result in us offering a better service. “I think helping to develop the next generation of THP people is essential to our success,” Mark adds. “We’ve a lot of talented people and our way of doing things increasingly attracts ambitious newcomers who are looking for a fresh approach. That’s good for us and even better news for our clients.”

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