Tax traps – how can I avoid them?
Don’t get caught out by the the tax traps
Most of us know that income tax is generally charged at three main rates: 20%, 40% and 45%. But watch out, as there can also be tax traps which can really bite and result in an effective tax rate of 60%.
Unfortunately, there are certain levels of income that trigger a loss of benefits or allowances as well as a charge to income tax. Because of this, the percentage rate of tax charged can be much higher than the underlying rate of income tax.
Here’s just one example:-
Joe’s taxable earnings have always been under £100,000, however, for this tax year he estimates that his income will be £125,000.
As soon as income for tax purposes exceeds £100,000 Joe loses part of his tax personal allowance (£12,500 for 2020-21).
In fact, for every £2 that his income exceeds £100,000 he will lose £1 of this allowance.
This means that as soon as income is equal to or higher than £125,000 the personal tax allowance is no longer available.
Taking this into account, Joe’s tax bill on the top £25,000 of his income is 40% (£10,000) plus, 40% of the lost allowance – a further £5,000.
In total, Joe retains just £10,000 of his £25,000 income (£25,000 – £10,000 – £5,000). His percentage tax charge is therefore 60% on this marginal band of income between £100,000 and £125,000.
Similarly, marginal rates apply if:-
- Your income moves above the threshold where working tax or child tax credits cease to be available – you become a victim of the dreaded HICBTC (High Income Child Benefit Tax Charge).
- A higher paid parent’s income tops £50,000 for the first time, at which point child benefits would be under threat
- Your Income is in excess of £150,000 and you are paying income tax at 45% as you will find the tax relief you can claim for pension contributions will be reduced.
To avoid or lessen the impact of these marginal rate charges you will need to discuss the possibility of reducing your income below the trigger points.
There are various strategies that can be employed to achieve this, including the sacrifice of salary for non-tax benefits such as increased employer pension contributions or longer holidays.
Is it time for you to rethink your remuneration strategy?
If you are concerned that you may be drifting towards these higher marginal rates of income tax, now is the perfect time to reconsider the way you structure your remuneration package.
About Jon Pryse-Jones
Since joining THP in 1978, Jon Pryse-Jones has been hands on with every area of the business. Now specialising in strategy, business planning, and marketing, Jon remains at the forefront of the growth and development at THP.
An ideas man, Jon enjoys getting the most out of all situations, “I act as a catalyst for creative people and encourage them to think outside the box,” he says, “and I’m not afraid of being confrontational. It often leads to a better result for THP and its clients.”
Jon’s appreciation for THP extends to his fellow team members and the board. “They really know how to run a successful business,” he says. He’s keen on IT and systems development as critical to success, and he continues to guide THP to be at the cutting edge and effective.